Historical examples of the twentieth century show that the hegemony of individual states and the confrontation of military blocs leads not to security in the world, but to wars and conflicts, Chinese President Xi Jinping said at the opening ceremony of the BRICS forum. The full text of his speech was published by the Xinhua news Agency.
"History shows that hegemony, bloc politics, confrontation of countries from different camps will not bring peace and security, but will only lead to war and conflicts," he said.
According to him, the Ukrainian crisis has given the world an alarming signal: the expansion of military blocs and the attempt to ensure the security of some states at the expense of others leads to a "security dilemma" (a situation in which the provision of national security by some states is considered a threat by others).
"Peace is a common cause of humanity, for which all sides must fight and support. Only when everyone cherishes and preserves peace, and only when everyone remembers the bitter lessons of war, can there be hope for peace. In the face of a troubled world, we must not forget about the original intent of the UN Charter and remember the mission of preserving peace," Xi Jinping said.
Russia has been conducting a special military operation in Ukraine since February 24. Before that, at the end of last year, Moscow offered the United States and NATO a draft security guarantees for Russia. It included a requirement for the alliance to exclude the entry of former Soviet republics into NATO and the deployment of military bases in the post-Soviet space and mutual arms reduction. At the beginning of 2022, Russia, the United States and NATO held talks on this topic, but they did not lead to any results.
China has several times expressed support for Russia's demands for non-expansion of NATO. After the start of the Russian special operation, Beijing did not join Western sanctions against Moscow and advocated a peaceful settlement of the situation in Ukraine.